Physical violence

Twenty-two percent of women aged 15-49 had experienced physical violence at least once since age 15. 1 Among married women, wife beating is the most common form of physical violence. Spousal violence differs by women’s age, caste/ethnicity, wealth status, ecological zone, development region and number of living children. Women in the Brahman/Chhetri group experience least spousal violence (20%) while Muslim women experience the highest level of spousal violence (55%). 2 Women who are employed for cash are more likely to have ever experienced sexual violence (28%) than unemployed or women employed but not for cash (19%). 3 Women who are divorced, separated, or widowed are more likely to have ever experienced sexual violence (28%) than never-married women (6%).Rural women are more likely to have experienced sexual violence (22 %) than urban women (19%). The most commonly reported perpetrator of physical violence among ever-married women is the current husband (84%). Among never-married women who have experienced physical violence since age 15, the most common perpetrators of violence are siblings (38%), fathers or stepfathers (36%), and mothers or stepmothers (30%). Six percent of women experience physical violence during pregnancy.

  • 1. Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, 2011
  • 2. Further analysis on NDHS, 2011 – Women’s empowerment and spousal violence in relation to health outcomes in Nepal. Pg. 23
  • 3. Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, 2011